Venezuela has plunged into a major political crisis amid a growing row over President Nicolas Maduro’s future as the country’s leader.
Maduro started a second term on January 10, following a widely boycotted election last year that many foreign governments refused to recognise.
On January 23, Juan Guaido, leader of the opposition-controlled National Assembly, declared himself interim president.
Shortly after Guaido took an oath swearing himself in, US President Donald Trump publicly recognised him as the country’s leader.
Maduro accused Guaido of staging a coup and ordered his arrest.
Here are all the latest updates as of Friday, March 1:
US revokes visas of 49 Maduro associates
The United States revoked the visas of 49 individuals aligned with Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, the State Department said on Friday.
The State Department said the restrictions applied to “individuals responsible for undermining Venezuela’s democracy” and that the policy would be applied to “numerous” Maduro-aligned officials and their families”.
The move came hours after the US sanctioned six Venezuelan security officials over blocking aid from getting into the country.
Guaido to visit Ecuador on Saturday
Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido will visit Ecuador on Saturday, Ecuadorian President Lenin Moreno said on Friday.
The meeting is part of Guaido’s tour of sympathetic regional allies that also includes meetings with heads of state in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.
He conversado con el presidente @jguaido. Le he invitado a Ecuador para que reciba el afecto y respaldo de un pueblo que ama la democracia.
— Lenín Moreno (@Lenin) March 1, 2019
TRANSLATION: I have spoken with President Juan Guaido. I have invited him to Ecuador to receive the affection and support of a democracy-loving nation.
Guaido set to meet Macri in Argentina
Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido will travel to Argentina on Friday to meet President Mauricio Macri, according to Guaido’s press team.
Argentina’s Foreign Ministry confirmed the meeting, saying that Guaido and Macri would hold a press conference on Friday.
Argentina is among the dozens of countries that support Guaido as interim president of Venezuela.
Guaido is currently in Paraguay as part of a whistle-stop tour intended to drum up support in the region and put pressure on Venezuela’s Nicolas Maduro to step down.
Guaido claims 600 military have left Maduro government
|Guaido made the claims at a press conference with Ecuador’s president [Jorge Adorno/Reuters]|
Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido has said that 600 members of Venezuela’s military have abandoned the government of Nicolas Maduro in recent days.
He made the announcement from the Paraguayan capital, Asuncion, where he was meeting the country’s President Mario Abdo Benitez.
Military support is seen as key to ensuring the stability of Maduro’s rule. It is unclear how many members of the armed forces have defected.
US discussing Temporary Protected Status for Venezuelans: Abrams
The Trump administration is in the process of discussing proposals to grant Venezuelans Temporary Protected Status (TPS), US Special Envoy for Venezuela Elliott Abrams told reporters on Friday.
While no decision has been made, Abrams said the US will continue to take “appropriate actions” against the government of President Nicolas Maduro, including restricting travel visas for dozens of Maduro’s associates.
He added that the US did not expect Russia or China to provide significant additional funds to Maduro’s government, but acknowledged that their political support was a “help” to Maduro.
Abrams also voiced concerns over whether opposition leader Juan Guaido, who is currently in Paraguay, will be able to return safely to Venezuela.
US sanctions six Venezuelan security officials over blocking aid
The US Treasury Department issued fresh Venezuela-related sanctions on Friday against six individuals, according to a statement posted on its website.
The sanctions target individuals associated with the “obstruction of humanitarian aid deliveries into Venezuela”, on February 23.
The United States also targeted Venezuela’s government with new sanctions on Monday and called on allies to freeze the assets of state-owned PDVSA after deadly violence blocked humanitarian aid from reaching the country last weekend.
Venezuela’s Maduro moves an office of state oil company to Moscow: VP
Venezuelan Vice President Delcy Rodriguez said on Friday that President Nicolas Maduro had ordered a European office of state oil company PDVSA to move to Moscow.
Rodriguez made the announcement following talks with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov at the Russian capital.
Meanwhile, Lavrov said Russia will counteract any attempts to intervene in Venezuela’s domestic affairs.
Lavrov said a close cooperation with Venezuela was gaining “special importance” as the country faced “a frontal attack and a shameless intervention into its internal affairs.”
Thursday, February 28:
Russia and China block US push for UN action on Venezuela
|Venezuela Minister of Foreign Affairs Jorge Arreaza speaks about the situation in Venezuela at the UNSC [Shannon Stapleton/Reuters]|
Russia and China vetoed on Thursday a US push for the United Nations Security Council to call for free and fair presidential elections in Venezuela and unhindered aid access.
The US draft resolution garnered the minimum nine votes, forcing Russia and China to cast vetoes.
South Africa also voted against the text, while Indonesia, Equatorial Guinea and Ivory Coast abstained.
Guaido plans to return to Caracas ‘despite threats’
Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido said on Thursday he plans to return to Venezuela despite threats against himself and his family, and he plans to work out his return route this weekend.
Speaking to reporters after meeting Brazil’s right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro, Guaido said there was no chance of dialogue with the leftist government of President Nicolas Maduro without discussing elections.
Bolsonaro said during a joint statement with Guaido that he was the hope for restoring a “free, democratic and prosperous Venezuela”.
Guaido said Maduro’s ‘regime’ was weak and lacks support in the country and internationally.
Brazil’s president pledges full support for Guaido
|Brazil is one of several regional allies that backs Juan Guaido [Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters]|
Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro pledged full support for Venezuelan opposition leader Guaido on Thursday.
Bolsonaro said that he wanted to see a free, democratic and prosperous Venezuela.
Paraguay says Venezuela’s Guaido to visit on Friday
Paraguay President Mario Abdo said by tweet on Thursday that Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido will visit the country on Friday, as Guaido tries to drum up support in the region and put pressure on Venezuela’s Nicolas Maduro to step down.
Mañana recibiremos la visita de nuestro querido amigo, Presidente Juan Guaidó en el Palacio de López.
— Marito Abdo (@MaritoAbdo) February 28, 2019
TRANSLATION: Tomorrow we will receive a visit from our dear friend, President Juan Guaido in the Lopez Palace.
Wednesday, February 27
US seeks UN vote on Venezuela for Thursday: diplomats
The United States is seeking a vote Thursday at the UN Security Council on a draft resolution calling for “free, fair and credible” elections in Venezuela and free access for humanitarian aid, diplomats said.
Russia, an ally of President Nicolas Maduro’s regime, is likely to use its veto power to oppose the text, which also expresses “deep concern with the violence and excessive use of force by Venezuelan security forces against unarmed, peaceful protesters.”
Guaido to meet Bolsonaro
Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido is due to meet Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro in Brasilia late Wednesday, sources from both camps said.
Guaido will travel to the Brazilian capital from Colombia, where he has stayed since Friday despite a travel ban imposed on him by the regime of Venezuela’s socialist leader Nicolas Maduro.
Brazil and Colombia are Guaido allies that have been holding humanitarian aid the National Assembly speaker wants to bring into Venezuela.
|Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido speaks during a meeting of the Lima Group in Bogota [Luisa Gonzalez/Reuters]|
Maduro, Trump should meet to ‘find common ground’: Venezuela FM
Venezuela’s foreign minister said that the United States was trying to overthrow the government of Nicolas Maduro and that his country had lost $30bn in assets “confiscated” since November 2017 under sanctions.
Jorge Arreaza, addressing the UN Human Rights Council despite a walk-out by dozens of Western envoys, suggested that Maduro and US President Donald Trump meet to “try to find common ground and explain their differences”.
“We’re calling for dialogue, dialogue with the United States – why not between Presidents Maduro and Trump? Why shouldn’t they meet so that they could try to find common ground and explain their differences?”
Read more here.
|Venezuela Minister of Foreign Affairs Jorge Arreaza addresses the 40th session of the Human Rights Council at the United Nations [UN/Reuters]|
Tuesday, February 26
US ‘to impose more sanctions’ on Venezuela this week and next week
US Special Representative for Venezuela Elliott Abrams said on Tuesday that Washington would impose more sanctions on Caracas this week and next week to bring about additional pressure on the government of President Nicolas Maduro, whose legitimacy Washington has challenged.
Speaking ahead of a Security Council meeting on Venezuela sought by the United States, Abrams said he hoped the UN Security Council will vote this week on a resolution calling for Venezuela to allow the entry of humanitarian assistance into the country.
Abrams denied Russian accusations that the US is preparing for military intervention in Venezuela, but repeated that all options are on the table.
Peru canceling visas of Venezuelan diplomats at Lima embassy: official
Peru is canceling the visas of diplomats at the Venezuelan embassy in Lima, and will notify them that they will be in the country illegally starting from March 9, a Peruvian official said on Tuesday.
Deputy Foreign Minister Hugo de Zela said in a broadcast interview with radio station RPP that Peru recognises Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido’s designated ambassador to Peru and will no longer acknowledge embassy officials appointed by Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro.
Venezuela opposition’s US envoy asks Trump to increase pressure on Maduro
Carlos Vecchio, the Venezuelan opposition’s envoy to the United States, met US President Donald Trump recently and asked him to increase pressure on socialist President Nicolas Maduro, Vecchio’s office said in a statement on Tuesday.
Mexico president refuses to choose sides in Venezuela conflict
Mexico’s president, asked about recognising Venezuela’s Guaido, urged all parties to seek a peaceful situation to the conflict via dialogue.
Asked about the detention of journalists in Venezuela on Monday, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said he did not want to involve himself in a polarised situation and remained committed to a policy of non-intervention in the affairs of other governments.
Russian official accuses US of preparing military intervention in Venezuela
Russia believes the United States is preparing a military intervention in Venezuela, the RIA news agency cited the secretary of Russia’s Security Council as saying on Tuesday.
Nikolai Patrushev was also cited by the Interfax news agency as saying Russia had agreed to a proposal from Washington to hold consultations on Venezuela, a close ally of Moscow, but the United States had repeatedly postponed them on invented pretexts.
Monday, February 25
Brazil wants non-military pressure on Venezuela
Brazil’s vice president, retired general Hamilton Mourao, said on Monday that under no circumstances would his country allow the United States to intervene militarily in Venezuela from Brazilian territory.
In an interview with Globo News cable channel, Mourao said Brazil will do all it can to avoid a conflict with neighbouring Venezuela.
He spoke from Bogota, where he attended a meeting of the Lima Group, a bloc of nations from Argentina to Canada dedicated to peaceful resolution of the Venezuelan crisis.
Pence on Venezuela: ‘all options are on the table’
Vice President Mike Pence reiterated the US position on Venezuela Monday, insisting that a military intervention to force President Nicolas Maduro from power has not been ruled out.
“We hope for a peaceful transition to democracy. But President Trump has made it clear: all options are on the table,” Pence said after meeting with Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido at a Lima Group gathering in Colombia.
US asks UNSC to meet on Venezuela: diplomats
The United States has asked the United Nations Security Council to meet to discuss the situation in Venezuela on Tuesday, said diplomats after Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s troops repelled foreign aid convoys at the weekend.
The United States has been pushing the 15-member council to formally call for free, fair and credible presidential elections in Venezuela with international observers, a move that prompted Russia to propose a rival draft resolution. It was unclear if or when either draft text could be put to a vote.
Moscow and Washington have been at loggerheads over a US-led campaign for international recognition of Venezuelan opposition leader and head of the country’s elected National Assembly Juan Guaido over Maduro. Guaido last month declared himself interim head of state.
US sending aid for Venezuela migrant crisis
Vice President Mike Pence says the United States is sending another $56m to neighbours of Venezuela to help them cope with migrants fleeing that nation’s deepening crisis.
Pence said Monday that the United States has already provided more than $139m in aid to help Venezuela.
He spoke in Colombia’s capital at a meeting of The Lima Group, a coalition of mostly Latin American nations formed to address Venezuela’s turmoil.
Pence also met with opposition congressional leader Juan Guaido, who has declared presidential powers, arguing that the re-election of socialist President Nicolas Maduro was invalid.
Pence said the US has sent five military transport planes with 400 tonnes of food and medicine to Colombia and Brazil.
Deadly clashes erupted over the weekend when Maduro refused to allow the aid cross, calling it part of a US-led coup.
Mike Pence: President Guaido, we are with you
US Vice President Mike Pence told Juan Guaido, who declared himself Venezuela’s interim president, that the United States stands with him.
“President Trump has asked me to convey a message to him, President Guaido: we are with you, and we will be until the freedom and democracy come back,” he said.
“As of today, the United States will impose additional sanctions on the regime’s officials.”
Pence also asked Latin American nations to freeze Venezuela oil assets.
“We call on all Lima Group nations to immediately freeze the assets of PDVSA,” he said.
“Secondly, transfer ownership of Venezuelan assets in your country from Maduro’s henchmen to President Guaido’s government,” and he also called on the countries to restrict visas for officials close to Maduro and to vote to recognise the representative of Juan Guaido, Venezuela’s self-declared interim president, at the Inter-American Development Bank.
|US Vice President Mike Pence and Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido attend a meeting of the Lima Group in Bogota [Luisa Gonzalez/Reuters]|
Guaido: We are here to recover Venezuela’s democracy
The opposition leader Juan Guaido is about to speak in a meeting of the Lima Group and has started requesting a “minute of silence for the massacre Venezuelans experienced on February 23,” according to local media reports.
“This meeting is aimed at the recovery of democracy in Venezuela, and the respect for human rights. Today Maduro thinks that by blocking the humanitarian aid, he has gained a victory. They dance in Caracas, on top of indigenous tombs,” he added.
“The dilemma is between a dictatorship and democracy. Between massacres or saving lives.”
“Today the transition is being blocked by irregular armed groups,” Guaido explained, “without those weapons we would have a pacific transition.”
|US Vice President Mike Pence and Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido observe a minute of silence in honour of the victims of February 23 [Luisa Gonzalez/Reuters]|
Colombia president wants to close circle around Maduro
Colombia’s President Ivan Duque called on members of the Lima Group meeting in Bogota on Monday to create a “more powerful and effective” ring around Venezuela’s socialist leader Nicolas Maduro.
Duque, who met with Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido and US Vice President Mike Pence, said added pressure would facilitate the “rapid construction of the transition demanded by the Venezuelan people.”
|Colombia’s President Ivan Duque speaks during a meeting of the Lima Group [Luisa Gonzalez/Reuters]|
US ramps up pressure on Venezuela with fresh sanctions
The US has imposed sanctions on four Venezuelans as it ramped up pressure on Venezuelan President Nicholas Maduro, whose election Washington sees as illegitimate.
The action, which was announced in a post on the US Treasury’s website, coincides with US Vice President Mike Pence attending a meeting of the regional Lima Group of nations in Bogota, where he was expected to announce steps against Maduro’s government.
Pence: Aid delivery violence steeled US resolve to back Guaido
Violence during the attempted delivery of much-needed food and medicine to Venezuela over the weekend has steeled the United States’ resolve to support opposition leader Juan Guaido, US Vice-President Mike Pence said on Monday.
The US will keep standing with Guaido until freedom is restored is the South American nation, Pence said at a meeting of the regional Lima Group bloc.
To President @jguaido of Venezuela, it is a great privilege to share this moment. I bring you and President of Colombia @IvanDuque a very simple message from @POTUS Trump & the United States of America: We are with you 100%. pic.twitter.com/iEaTyDvB7i
— Vice President Mike Pence (@VP) February 25, 2019
China rebukes foreign opponents of Maduro
China’s foreign ministry has issued a rebuke to foreign opponents of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, saying China opposes “intervention by external forces in the internal affairs of Venezuela.”
Foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang says China “also opposes using the so-called humanitarian aid to serve political ends and stir up instability and even turmoil in Venezuela and its neighborhood, which is not in the interests of any party.”
Lima Group begins meeting on next steps in Venezuela crisis
Venezuela opposition leader Juan Guaido and US Vice President Mike Pence took part in a meeting of the Lima Group in Colombia on Monday to discuss a joint strategy to resolve Venezuela’s crisis.
“In the Lima Group we’re fighting to find a peaceful solution,” said Peru’s Foreign Affairs Minister Hugo de Zela.
|A group of demonstrators takes part in a protest as a meeting of the Lima Group. The placard reads ‘No to the war, we defend life [Carlos Julio Martinez/Reuters]|
EU says military intervention in Venezuela must be avoided
The European Union on Monday urged countries to avoid any military intervention in Venezuela, the spokeswoman for diplomatic chief Federica Mogherini said.
“We must avoid a military intervention,” Maja Kocijancic told reporters, as Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido was in Bogota to hold talks with allies in the regional Lima Group of countries on measures to compel President Nicolas Maduro to leave office.
Evo Morales calls for dialogue
Bolivian President Evo Morales called on the Lima Group to seek a solution for Venezuela on the basis of dialogue, as an option to avoid a war in Latin America.
“Brother Presidents of the Lima Group: Respecting our political differences and as democratically elected leaders, I ask you, with much respect, to seek a solution through dialogue as an option to save lives and prevent war from bringing destruction to our LA,” Morales wrote on his Twitter account.
Hermanos Presidentes del Grupo de Lima: Respetando nuestras diferencias políticas y como líderes democráticamente electos les pido, con mucho respeto, que busquen una solución mediante el diálogo como opción para salvar vidas y evitar que la guerra traiga destrucción a nuestra AL
— Evo Morales Ayma (@evoespueblo) February 25, 2019
Sunday, February 24
Pence to announce ‘concrete steps’ in Venezuela crisis
US Vice President Mike Pence is set to announce “concrete steps” and “clear actions” to address the Venezuela crisis when he meets on Monday with regional leaders in Bogota, a senior US administration official said.
The official declined to comment on what the new measures would entail ahead of Pence’s speech, which he will deliver to a summit of the Lima Group around 15:30 GMT after he meets with Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido.
To @jguaido & all the people of Venezuela taking a stand for freedom & humanitarian relief: Estamos con ustedes. We are with you. As @POTUS said: ‘The people of Venezuela are standing for freedom and democracy, and the USA is standing right by their side.’ ¡Vayan con Dios!
— Vice President Mike Pence (@VP) February 23, 2019
UN’s high commissioner for human rights condemns violence
Michele Bachelet condemned violence at points on the Venezuelan border where opposition figures have been trying to bring in aid shipments.
The former Chilean president focused her criticism on excessive use of force used by Venezuelan security forces, as well the involvement of pro-government groups.
“The Venezuelan government must stop its forces from using excessive force against unarmed protesters and ordinary citizens,” she said.
Bachelet urged Maduro’s government “to rein in” pro-government groups reportedly using force against protesters.
“The use of proxy forces has a long and sinister history in the region,” she added, “it is very alarming to see them operating openly in this way in Venezuela.”
.@mbachelet condena violencia en las fronteras de #Venezuela. “El Gobierno venezolano debe obligar a los cuerpos de seguridad a dejar de emplear el uso excesivo de la fuerza contra manifestantes desarmados y ciudadanos comunes” -> https://t.co/reQeRR7vVq pic.twitter.com/xmS7kRmnYP
— UN Human Rights (@UNHumanRights) February 24, 2019
Clashes along the border in Brazil
Renewed clashes have broken out between protesters and Venezuelan national guardsmen at the border with Brazil.
Dozens of Venezuelans who had come to the Brazilian border city of Pacaraima began throwing rocks across the closed border at Venezuelan troops, who responded with tear gas and buckshot.
Globo television broadcast images of a Brazilian soldier advancing to the boundary line on Sunday to appeal for calm from the Venezuelan soldiers and to urge protesters and journalists to move back.
Cleanup begins on Venezuela-Colombia border after unrest
Venezuelan migrants on Sunday helped clean debris from a bridge where troops loyal to President Nicolas Maduro a day earlier fired tear gas on activists trying to deliver humanitarian aid in violent clashes that left two people dead and some 280 injured.
Colombian President Ivan Duque reinforced security around two international bridges near the city of Cucuta and ordered that they remain closed for 48 hours to allow for the cleanup effort.
Colombia: At least 285 wounded in border clashes
Civil defence officials in Colombia said at least 285 people had been wounded in clashes at border bridge crossings.
On Monday, the Lima Group will meet and discuss “the events that took place on Saturday in Venezuela,” Colombia’s President Ivan Duque wrote.
“[What happened] is clearly object of reproach by the international community, due to the barbarism and violence.”
“[On Monday] we will also debate how to strengthen the diplomatic siege that we have imposed [against] the dictatorship in Venezuela,” he added.
El lunes, el Grupo de Lima se reunirá y discutirá sobre los hechos que hoy son claramente objeto de reproche de la comunidad internacional, por la barbarie y la violencia. Allí también se deliberará sobre cómo se debe arreciar el cerco diplomático a la dictadura en Venezuela. pic.twitter.com/g6Zh0Pf83Q
— Iván Duque (@IvanDuque) February 24, 2019
Two Venezuelan soldiers ask for asylum in Brazil: official
Two Venezuelan soldiers have sought refuge in Brazil Colonel Georges Feres Kanaan, a member of Brazil’s migration service, told AFP on Sunday.
Feres Kanaan said he was manning a welcoming post for Venezuelan migrants in Pacaraima on Brazil’s border with its northwestern neighbour when the two soldiers “presented themselves asking for asylum.”
Pompeo: Maduro’s ‘days are numbered’
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo expressed confidence that President Nicolas Maduro’s “days are numbered,” amid a violent impasse over humanitarian aid.
“Predictions are difficult. Picking exact days is difficult,” Pompeo told CNN. “[But] I’m confident that the Venezuelan people will ensure that Maduro’s days are numbered.”
The U.S. will take action against those who oppose the peaceful restoration of democracy in #Venezuela. Now is the time to act in support of the needs of the desperate Venezuelan people. We stand in solidarity with those continuing their struggle for freedom. #EstamosUnidosVE pic.twitter.com/XfLEsyT6Rj
— Secretary Pompeo (@SecPompeo) February 24, 2019
Mauricio Macri: ‘The situation… is dramatic’
Argentinian president Mauricio Macri has condemned the “repression used by the government of Nicolas Maduro” on Saturday.
The president accused the leader of “imposing suffering on his people”.
“The situation that Venezuelans are living is dramatic. I want to condemn the repression deployed by Maduro and his actions to prevent Venezuelans from receiving humanitarian aid,” he wrote on Twitter.
“Once again, I renew Argentina’s support to the president in charge Juan Guaido, and support to the efforts that it carries out together with the National Assembly to allow the entry of food and medicines destined to alleviate the suffering that policies of the Maduro regime has imposed on all Venezuelan people.”
La situación en la que viven los venezolanos es dramática. Quiero condenar la represión desplegada por Maduro y sus acciones para impedir que el pueblo venezolano reciba la ayuda humanitaria
— Mauricio Macri (@mauriciomacri) February 24, 2019
Una vez más renuevo el apoyo de Argentina al presidente encargado Juan Guaidó y a los esfuerzos de la Asamblea Nacional para lograr que lleguen los alimentos y las medicinas tan necesarios para aliviar el sufrimiento que Maduro ha impuesto sobre su propio pueblo
— Mauricio Macri (@mauriciomacri) February 24, 2019
Brazil says Maduro’s violence to block aid ‘criminal act’
Brazil condemned the violence used by Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s government this weekend to block aid shipments from crossing the border, branding it a “criminal act” and calling on the international community to join efforts to “liberate” the South American nation.
Meanwhile, Brazilian Army Colonel George Feres Kanaan told Reuters on Sunday that two Venezuelan national guard soldiers deserted to Brazil late Saturday, joining some 60 military officials who defected in Colombia.
EU ready to boost aid to Venezuela: Mogherini
The European Union said it was prepared to “scale up” humanitarian and development aid to ease the plight of Venezuelans.
“We recall our commitment to help those in need for as long as it takes, to scale up this assistance,” EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said in a statement in the name of the bloc’s 28 members following deadly border clashes.
Sunday, February 23
‘A long day of fighting’
“The opposition has given up on getting the aid through at least for today,” Al Jazeera’s Alessandro Rampietti reported from Cucuta.
“Two of the four trucks carrying the aid have already left, the two remaining trucks are behind me and we have been told by some of the opposition officials that they are moving them back to the Tienditas bridge at the warehouse where most of the aid has been stored.”
“The opposition is considering that they tried, at least for today… it’s been a long day of fighting over this bridge, and in the bridge of Urenia, where two of the trucks were burned to the ground by people supporting President Nicolas Maduro,” he added.
|Venezuelan youth run for cover from tear gas launched by Venezuela’s National Guard [Fernando Vergara/AP]|
Guaido: Maduro has violated international law
Opposition leader Juan Guaido said that Maduro has violated international law by the way he has handled the aid.
“We keep receiving the support of the international community, they have been able to see how this usurper regime violates the Geneva protocol, where it clearly states that destroying aid is a crime against humanity,” he wrote on Twitter.
Seguimos recibiendo el respaldo de la comunidad internacional, que ha podido ver, con sus propios ojos, como el régimen usurpador viola el protocolo de Ginebra, donde se dice claramente que destruir la ayuda humanitaria es un crimen de lesa humanidad.
— Juan Guaidó (@jguaido) February 23, 2019
According to Colombian officials, 23 members of Venezuelan security forces deserted, and 12 people were wounded during clashes in the border.
Maduro responsible for safety of Colombian embassy staff: Minister
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro is responsible for the safety of Colombian diplomats in Venezuela, Colombia’s foreign minister said on Saturday, after Maduro formally broke off relations with Bogota.
“Colombia holds the usurper Maduro responsible for any aggression or violation of the rights of Colombian officials in Venezuela,” Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo said.
Meanwhile Colombian Vice President, Marta Lucia Ramirez said that Maduro “cannot break a diplomatic relation that Colombia does not have with him.”
“Our government has not named an ambassador there nor do we recognise Maduro’s ambassador since his term ended on January 9.” she wrote on Twitter.
Querida @patriciajaniot Maduro no puede romper relaciones diplomáticas que Colombia no tiene con él. Nuestro gobierno no ha nombrado embajador allá ni reconocemos embajador de Maduro pues su mandato terminó el 9 de enero. Es un simple dictador que ocupa por la fuerza Miraflores https://t.co/ze1NGfVfng
— Marta Lucía Ramírez (@mluciaramirez) February 23, 2019
Two people killed in Venezuelan town near Brazil
Two people were killed, and 18 have been injured, in the Venezuelan town of Santa Elena de Uairen in clashes with security forces over the opposition’s plan to bring in aid from nearby Brazil, a doctor at the hospital where they were taken said.
Venezuelans rescue aid from burning trucks
Venezuelans are rushing to rescue boxes of emergency food and medicine from burning trucks stalled on a bridge to Colombia.
Fernando Flores, an eyewitness, said national guardsmen had torched the trucks once they crossed into Venezuelan territory.
Maduro has vowed to block any aid shipments, considering them a “Trojan horse” intended to pave the way for foreign military intervention
Aid truck goes up in flames on Colombian border
One truck in a convoy attempting to bring humanitarian aid into Venezuela from Colombia went up in flames on Saturday, sending plumes of dark smoke into the air, footage from a Venezuelan television channel showed.
Another truck almost went on fire on Urena’s border. “The regimen is using the vilest acts and it has tried to burn a truck with humanitarian aid in Urena,” Guaido wrote.
“Our brave volunteers are making a human chain to safeguard the food and medicines.”
El régimen usurpador se vale de los actos más viles e intenta quemar el camión con ayuda humanitaria que se encuentra en Ureña.
Nuestros valientes voluntarios están realizando una cadena para salvaguardar la comida y las medicinas.
La avalancha humanitaria es indetenible pic.twitter.com/bU2PPzSGcu
— Juan Guaidó (@jguaido) February 23, 2019
Guaido: Trucks are in Venezuela
Opposition leader Guaido says humanitarian aid from Colombia has entered Venezuela, but Venezuelan forces have prevented them from moving any further.
“They won’t be able to stop our decision to live in freedom.” Guaido wrote.
Anunciamos que los camiones de la ayuda humanitaria provenientes de Colombia ya están en territorio venezolano.
El régimen usurpador está impidiendo su paso.
No podrán con nuestra decisión irreversible de vivir en libertad.
— Juan Guaidó (@jguaido) February 23, 2019
Venezuela severs relations with Colombia
Venezuela President Nicolas Maduro breaks diplomatic relations with neighbouring Colombia.
“Patience is exhausted, I can’t bear it anymore, we can’t keep putting up with Colombian territory being used for attacks against Venezuela. For that reason, I have decided to break all political and diplomatic relations with Colombia’s fascist government,” Maduro said in a speech.
Maduro: ‘I hold the reins, and I’ll … keep them in my hand’
President Nicolas Maduro addressed thousands of supporters in Caracas and said:
“[For our] Dignity, we will fight harder than ever.”
“Hard, standing and governing our motherland for now and for many years, on behalf of our destiny, with the reins in our hand.
“I hold the reins of the motherland, I hold the reins on behalf of the young people, university students, when I hold the reins, I’m holding them on your behalf, working mothers .. military members.. men and women alike …”
“Today is February 23rd and a month ago exactly, at this under the same sun, I saw you at the Miraflores palace, we met there, and what did I tell you … that days will go by, weeks will go by and Nicolas Maduro the worker’s president will continue at the head of the motherland.”
|Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro speaks during a pro-government march in Caracas [Yuri Cortez/AFP]|
Security forces use tear gas in Simon Bolivar bridge: report
Members of the Bolivarian police fired tear gas to remove people from Simon Bolivar’s bridge, El Nacional, a local news agency reported.
“There are women that have fainted and are under the trucks,” a Venezuelan citizen told media.
— Gabriel Bastidas (@Gbastidas) February 23, 2019
Rival demonstrations in Caracas
Thousands are flooding the streets of Venezuela’s capital in rival demonstrations as opposition leaders vow to move shipments of humanitarian aid into the country despite objections from President Nicolas Maduro.
In Caracas, Maduro loyalists marched by the thousands to the city centre to the sounds of brass bands, while others rode motorcycles.
Opposition supporters are converging on a Caracas military base, urging soldiers to join their fight.
|Supporters of the Venezuelan opposition leader take part in a rally in Caracas [Carlos Jasso/Reuters]|
Aid to be passed by human chain from Colombia
A convoy of trucks carrying humanitarian assistance for Venezuela will be unloaded at the Simon Bolivar bridge on Colombia’s side of the border and the aid will be transported by a human chain across the frontier, Colombia’s migration agency said.
Al Jazeera’s Alessandro Rampietti reporting from Colombia said this is so far “the biggest showdown on the battle for the legitimacy of Venezuela.”
“You have President Nicolas Maduro that remains firmly in power, and you have the leader of the opposition, Juan Guiado, who declared himself the interim president who is saying that Maduro is nothing more than a usurper at this point.”
“This action is very important because it’s the way for the opposition to show that they are able to be successful in so far the biggest act of defiance against President Maduro. it would be a way for him to show some legitimacy and to show that he can bring some level of change in the country even if he doesn’t control any level of power so far.”
Meanwhile Caraca’s former major Julio Borges told Al Jazeera that “a humanitarian crisis cannot turn into a political blade.”
“People are here, because people in Venezuela are hungry and they need help,” he added.
Additional reporting by Mia Alberti in Cucuta, Colombia
|Trucks carrying humanitarian aid for Venezuela in the area of a warehouse [Mia Alberti/Al Jazeera]|
Aid shipment enters Venezuela via Brazil border: Guaido
Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido announced that a first shipment of humanitarian aid had entered Venezuela through its border with Brazil.
“Attention Venezuela: We officially announce that the first shipment of humanitarian aid has now entered our border with Brazil. This is a great achievement, Venezuela!” wrote Guaido in a tweet.
Anunciamos oficialmente que YA ENTRÓ el primer cargamento de ayuda humanitaria por nuestra frontera con Brasil.
¡Esto es un gran logro, Venezuela!
— Juan Guaidó (@jguaido) February 23, 2019
Aid convoy leaves Colombian warehouses
A convoy of trucks carrying humanitarian aid for Venezuela left warehouses in Colombia headed for the nearby border crossing, despite Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s insistence they would not be allowed to cross.
Speaking on the Colombian side of the border, opposition leader Juan Guaido called on troops to allow the convoy to cross. Alongside him, Colombian President Ivan Duque said Maduro would be responsible for any violence.
Truck carrying aid crosses Brazil border: opposition lawmaker
A truck carrying humanitarian aid crossed into Venezuela from Brazil at midday on Saturday, opposition lawmaker Miguel Pizarro told reporters in Caracas.
A Reuters witness said, however, that while the truck was on Venezuelan soil, it had not yet passed through the customs checkpoint.
Guaido: Humanitarian aid on its way to Venezuela
Opposition leader Juan Guaido gives a statement to the media alongside Colombia’s President Ivan Duque and Paraguay’s President Mario Abdo Benitez.
US-donated aid is “on its way” to Venezuela, Guaido announced.
“The humanitarian aid is definitely going to Venezuela in a peaceful and calm manner to save lives at this time,” said Guaido, at a ceremony to launch the effort on the Colombian side of the border in defiance of a blockade by President Nicolas Maduro.
“This is a landmark point in our history”
“To the Generals and all the countries that have formed [part of] this coallition… we are eternally grateful to you all.” he added.
Additional reporting by Mia Alberti in Cucuta, Colombia
|Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido speaks to the media alongside Paraguay’s President Mario Abdo Benitez and Colombia’s President Ivan Duque [Marco Bello/Reuters]|
Aid from Brazil sent to border with Venezuela
The first truck with humanitarian aid from the Brazilian government has arrived in the city of Pacaraima on the border with Venezuela.
The crossing has been closed on orders from Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro and the truck loaded with food and medicine will now wait in Brazilian territory.
Brazil’s Foreign Minister Ernesto Araujo said he expects Maduro’s government to allow the aid to pass.
“It is very exciting to see people anxious to recover their freedom and have a decent life,” Araujo said.
Bolton: ‘The world is watching’
US President Donald Trump’s national security adviser John Bolton cancelled plans to travel to South Korea to prepare for a summit addressing North Korea’s nuclear program in order to focus instead on events unfolding in Venezuela, his spokesman said on Friday.
National Security Adviser Jonh Bolton has sent a message to the military forces.
To Maduro’s military cronies attacking civilians at the Brazilian border – the world is watching and the perpetrators will face justice. The Venezuelan military should protect civilians, not shoot them. https://t.co/dLDfqoknNz
— John Bolton (@AmbJohnBolton) February 23, 2019
Four Venezuelan soliders desert before aid handover
Four National Guard troops at the frontier disavowed Maduro’s government on Saturday, following an appeal from Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido to let aid through.
A social media video showed the troops driving armoured vehicles across a bridge linking the two countries, knocking over metal barricades in the process, and then jumping out of the vehicles and running to the Colombian side.
Colombia’s migration authority confirmed the defection of the four Venezuelan soldiers.
Opposition leader Juan Guaido expressed his support on Twitter in Spanish.
Translation: Venezuela, those guards and members of the Armed Forces who decide to join our fight are not defectors.
They have decided to side with the people and the Constitution!
Welcome! The arrival of Freedom and Democracy in Venezuela is already unstoppable.
Venezuela: no son desertores aquellos guardias y efectivos de las FFAA que decidan sumarse a nuestra lucha.
¡Han decidido ponerse del lado del Pueblo y de la Constitución!
¡Bienvenidos! La llegada de la Libertad y la Democracia a Venezuela ya es indetenible. pic.twitter.com/zojGluqAuo
— Juan Guaidó (@jguaido) February 23, 2019
Tear gas and rubber bullets
Venezuelan security forces fired tear gas and rubber bullets on Saturday to disperse a crowd demanding to cross the Venezuela-Colombia border, ordered closed by President Nicolas Maduro.
|Demonstrators clash with Venezuela’s security forces in Urena [Andres Martinez Casares/Reuters]|
Security forces block Colombian border
The Venezuelan government had said that it was closing three of its bridges on the border.
Street vendors and people with suitcases walked along the street in the dark closely followed by dozens of soldiers.
“What’s happening here is that the Armed Forces, by order of Padrino Lopez,Venezuelan Defence Minister, and Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, have blocked the border, and do not let anyone pass,” explained Ronaldo Suarez, a street vendor selling coffee and cigarettes by the border.
|Venezuela’s opposition supporters demand to cross the border line between Colombia and Venezuela at Simon Bolivar bridge [Edgard Garrido/Reuters]|
Friday, February 22
Venezuela, US discussing status of US diplomats: minister
Venezuela and the United States are still in discussions about the status of US diplomats in Caracas ahead of next week’s deadline imposed by President Nicolas Maduro for them to leave, Venezuela’s foreign minister said on Friday.
In a press briefing at the United Nations, Foreign Minister Jorge Arreaza said Venezuelan officials would meet with the U.S. special envoy for Venezuela, Elliott Abrams, to discuss the issue.
Venezuela opposition leader Guaido arrives at Colombia aid concert
Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido arrived arm-in-arm with Colombian President Ivan Duque on Friday at a concert in Colombia that aims to raise $100 million for humanitarian aid for his country.
UN chief appeals to Venezuela to avoid violence
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres “strongly appeals” for violence to be avoided in Venezuela, a UN spokesman said on Friday after the first bloodshed linked to efforts to bring aid into the country against the orders of embattled President Nicolas Maduro.
“Any loss of life is regrettable,” UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric told reporters. “Looking ahead for tomorrow the secretary-general strongly appeals for violence to be avoided,” he added.
Opposition leader Juan Guaido has vowed to bring in foreign aid from neighboring countries on Saturday and called on security forces to disobey Maduro and let supplies into the country suffering food and medicine shortages.
Dueling concerts will be the backdrop of the showdown between Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro and opposition leader and self-declared interim president Juan Guaido on Friday as the opposition prepares to bring aid across the Venezuela-Colombia border – a move Maduro has vowed to block.
Billionaire Richard Branson will host a “Venezuelan Aid Live” concert on the Tienditas International bridge, which connects Venezuela and Colombia, while Maudro’s government plans to hold a three-day festival on the other side of the border.
Brazil sends plane with aid to Venezuelan border
The Brazilian government is sending a plane load of supplies and humanitarian aid to its northern border with Venezuela on Friday.
Although Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro officially closed the border between the two countries Thursday, the Brazilian air force plane loaded with food and medicine took off destined for Boa Vista, the main city in the northern state of Roraima.
Authorities will then transport the goods by road three hours north to Pacaraima, the city that borders Venezuela.
Maduro ‘constantly’ talks with Putin
Venezuelan Deputy Foreign Minister Ivan Gil said at a meeting in the upper chamber of the Russian parliament on Friday that President Nicolas Maduro is “constantly in touch” with President Vladimir Putin on the phone.
He thanked Russia for a recent shipment of medicine but reiterated the government stance that there is no humanitarian crisis in the South American country.
Venezuelan troops kill one in first bloodshed over aid
Venezuelan troops killed at least one person and wounded 12 others on Friday near the Brazilian border, witnesses said, the first bloodshed linked to opposition efforts to bring aid into the South American country against the wishes of embattled President Nicolas Maduro.
Friday’s violence broke out as indigenous leaders in southern Venezuela said they had attempted to stop a military convoy heading toward the border with Brazil, believing the soldiers were attempting to block the entrance of foreign aid as per Maduro’s order.
The convoy entered the indigenous village of Kumarakapay anyway, opening fire to clear the way and killing a woman, Zoraida Rodriguez, according to community leaders Richard Fernandez and Ricardo Delgado.
“The result of this crime: 12 injured and one dead,” opposition leader Juan Guaido, who declared interim presidency, said on Twitter. “You must decide which side you are on in this definitive hour. To all the military: between today and tomorrow, you will define how you want to be remembered.”
Thursday, February 21
Volunteers vow to move aid into Venezuela
Representatives of Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido held a news conference in the Colombian border city of Cucuta on Thursday, vowing to transport humanitarian aid into Venezuela.
Tons of aid is currently stored in Cucuta, awaiting to enter into the other side of the border in Venezuela.
Venezuelan nurses, doctors, engineers and homemakers are volunteering by the thousands to distribute the food and medicine in the face of a government ban.
The citizen brigade is one of the most ambitious undertakings Venezuela’s opposition has attempted.
“I am inviting you to turn the 29 municipalities of Tachira state into the border to all the bridges, to all the roads dressed in white,” Gaby Arellano, Venezuelan opposition member told journalists during the news conference in Cucuta.
Russian, Venezuelan diplomats meet in Moscow
A Russian deputy foreign minister has met with his Venezuelan counterpart as tensions rise in the South American country.
Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov and Venezuela’s Ivan Gil met in Moscow in a session that the Russian Foreign Ministry said was held in a constructive atmosphere.
“The Russian side expressed solidarity with the friendly people of Venezuela, firm support for the policy of its government aimed at preventing destabilisation in the country and supported the idea of holding a national dialogue to overcome the differences in Venezuelan society,” the ministry said in a statement.
Maduro closes border with Brazil
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said the government was considering closing the border with Colombia and would close the border with Brazil ahead of opposition plans to bring in humanitarian aid despite his objection.
In televised comments, Maduro said the stockpiling of aid for Venezuela in the Colombian border town of Cucuta was a “provocation”. He argues the opposition’s plans are a cheap show to undermine his government.
Maduro said the government would close the border with Brazil on Thursday night after the Brazilian government pledged to also send aid in.
Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro said the government was considering closing the border with Colombia [Marcelo Garcia /AFP]
Pence will meet with Lima group
The United States and other members of the group have thrown their support behind opposition leader Juan Guaido and are trying to pressure President Nicolas Maduro to step aside to allow for new elections and the entry of aid.
“The struggle in Venezuela is between dictatorship and democracy, and freedom has the momentum. Juan Guaido is the only legitimate leader of Venezuela, and it’s time for Nicolas Maduro to go,” Alyssa Farah, a spokeswoman for Pence, said in a statement
Opposition leaders travel to Venezuela’s border
A caravan of opposition leaders is heading toward Venezuela’s border with Colombia ahead of a Saturday showdown over humanitarian aid.
Lawmakers departed in three white buses from Caracas early Thursday.
The opposition is vowing on Saturday to deliver large amounts of US-supplied aid warehoused in the Colombian border city of Cucuta.
Air France halts Caracas flights
Air France said it is suspending some flights to Caracas until Monday as the political crisis deepens with a standoff over foreign aid.
An airline spokeswoman told AFP news agency late Wednesday that “certain flights had been halted over security concerns,” including direct flights between Paris and Caracas.
Air France’s website, however, was on Thursday still offering flights to Caracas via Panama.
Wednesday, February 20
Guaido to head to Colombia border in a caravan: spokesman
Guaido plans to head to the border with Colombia on Thursday to lead the attempt to bring in US aid in defiance of Maduro’s government.
The opposition leader has set Saturday as the deadline for bringing in the aid stockpiled in Cucuta, Colombia.
His press office said he will depart for the border in a caravan with fellow members of the opposition-controlled National Assembly.
Although it was unclear what Guaido intends to do, he has enlisted hundreds of thousands of volunteers in recent days to help bring in and distribute the aid, forcing a showdown with Maduro.
Venezuela closes maritime border with Dutch islands
Venezuela’s borders with Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire will remain closed for an indefinite period, Vice President Delcy Rodriguez, accompanied by Chancellor Jorge Arreaza, announced on Wednesday.
Rodriguez also informed that on instructions from President Nicolas Maduro diplomatic relations with the Government of the Netherlands Antilles will be reviewed.
The government made the decision after Curacao’s government said the island would help store aid destined for Venezuela.
|Venezuela’s borders with Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire will remain closed, Delcy Rodriguez said (File:Ricardo Mazalan/AP)|
Venezuelans brace for tense aid delivery bid
Venezuelans are bracing nervously for possible weekend confrontations as Guaido vows to bring US aid into the country in defiance of Maduro’s government.
In the latest maneuver of his standoff with the president, Guaido rallied bus drivers who he said will head to the borders to collect aid for Venezuelans suffering shortages.
Private bus driver Jose Figueroa, 60, said he planned to leave Caracas in the coming days in a convoy of some 30 vehicles.
“The situation is extremely tense,” he said, as drivers parked their buses and pick-up trucks at a rally in central Caracas.
“But a bullet will kill you more quickly than hunger.”
|Opposition leader Juan Guaido attends a protest of the public transport sector against the government [Manaure Quinter/Reuters]|
Venezuela bans boats from leaving ports
The Venezuelan military said it was banning vessels from sailing out of the country’s ports until Sunday, coinciding with an opposition bid to import shipments of US aid.
“Departures of boats from all ports are to be suspended” for security reasons, said a military decree seen by AFP news agency.
Colombia prepares for concert
The Colombian border city of Cucuta is preparing for a live concert over the weekend that aims to shed light on the humanitarian crisis in neighbouring Venezuela.
Cucuta’s mayor Cesar Rojas Ayala said Cucuta is preparing with strong police presence but does not expect a military confrontation.
“We have available 1,500 men throughout all the corridors where the movement of vehicle of the personalities will be,” Ayala said.
Switzerland says its president did not speak to Guaido
Swiss President Ueli Maurer did not speak to Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido about freezing Swiss bank accounts belonging to the South American nation, a foreign ministry spokesman said on Wednesday.
“This information is not correct. There was no telephone contact between Guaido and President Maurer,” the spokesman said by email in response to an enquiry.
He was not immediately available to elaborate.
Guaido: We will go to the barracks
Opposition leader Juan Guaido informed citizens that the mobilisation summoned for this Saturday will go to the military barracks to demand that humanitarian aid is allowed to enter the country.
Guaido also sent a message to the military citizens and stressed that the entry of humanitarian aid is to serve citizens and “save lives.”
Y anuncio al país: este #23F nos movilizaremos a todos los cuarteles de Venezuela a exigir el ingreso de la ayuda humanitaria.
Señores de la #FANB, tienen 3 días para acatar a la orden del Presidente (E) y ponerse del lado de la constitución. Esta ayuda es para salvar vidas.
— Juan Guaidó (@jguaido) February 20, 2019
Russia: Diplomacy ignored by US in Venezuela
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov accused the United States of “direct intervention” in Venezuela.
He alleged the opposition, led by Juan Guaido, was guilty of “actively supporting and instigating this external interference”.
“This is undoubtedly a direct violation of the UN charter and a direct intervention into the domestic affairs of an independent country,” said Lavrov of American actions.
He added the US was ignoring diplomacy.
Lavrov’s comments came as Russian news agencies reported a shipment of Russian medicine and medical equipment arrived in Venezuela.
Security forces punish anti-Maduro protesters: Amnesty
Venezuelan security forces have executed several people and arbitrarily detained hundreds of others in a campaign to punish people who protested President Nicolas Maduro, human rights group Amnesty International said.
In a report titled Hunger, punishment and fear, the formula for repression in Venezuela, Amnesty said dozens died during five days of protests from January 21 to January 25, almost all from gunshot wounds, and 900 people were arrested.
|A supporter of Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido holds a banner reading ‘freedom’ during a protest on January 30 [Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters]|
Guaido trying to freeze accounts in Switzerland
Opposition leader Juan Guaido said he spoke to the president of Switzerland to try to freeze banks accounts belonging to the tumultuous South American nation after “irregular movements” were discovered.
“We are talking to the Swiss president,” Guaido said in an interview with Mexican network Televisa.
Guaido said the Venezuelan government held bank accounts in Switzerland and irregular efforts to migrate part of those accounts to “another site” had been detected.
|Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido is trying to freeze banks accounts in Switzerland [RManaure Quintero/Reuters]|
Maritime border with Dutch Antilles reopened
Venezuelan authorities reopened the country’s maritime border with the Dutch Antilles islands after closing it on Tuesday, a regional military commander told Reuters news agency.
General Miguel Morales Miranda, second-in-command for the state of Falcon, did not give a reason for the change, which now allows boats and aircraft to travel between Venezuela and the islands of Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire.