Modi is the first non-Congress prime minister in India to return to power after a full five-year term.
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) led by the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is leading in nearly 340 of the 542 seats that went to the polls.
The opposition United Progressive Alliance (UPA) headed by the Indian National Congress (INC) is leading in less than 100, while the party itself leads in about 50. In 2014, the Congress had won 44 seats.
The party or coalition with a simple majority (272 seats) is invited to form the government. The MPs from the winning party or coalition elect their leader, who then becomes the country’s prime minister.
About 67 percent of more than 900 million eligible voters cast their ballots in the staggered elections that the ruling party fought on issues of national security and a hardline Hindu agenda.
The opposition parties raised issues such as a massive job crisis and farming distress, with the Congress party levelling allegations of corruption over the purchase of French Rafale fighter jets by the government.
Counting is also being held for four state assembly elections in Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim.
Here are the latest updates:
Terror-accused Hindu hardliner from Modi’s BJP wins
Controversial Hindu ascetic and BJP leader Pragya Thakur has defeated an opposition Congress strongman by a big margin in the central city of Bhopal.
The 49-year-old is accused of plotting a bomb attack on Muslims in 2006, in which six people were killed.
Thakur is the first person accused of “terrorism” to be fielded by a major political group in India.
Congress chief concedes defeat in party bastion
Rahul Gandhi, president of the opposition Congress party, has conceded defeat in Amethi, the constituency in Uttar Pradesh state that the 48-year-old leader represented since 2004.
“I respect the decision and congratulate Smriti Irani,” Gandhi said at a press conference in New Delhi, referring to the BJP leader who defeated him.
The Congress leader also congratulated Modi. “Today, people have clearly given their decision. I congratulate the PM and BJP,” he said.
Pakistan PM congratulates Modi
Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan has congratulated his Indian counterpart for his election victory.
“I congratulate Prime Minister Modi on the electoral victory of BJP and allies. Look forward to working with him for peace, progress and prosperity in South Asia.” Khan posted on Twitter.
Modi promises ‘inclusive India’ after massive win
Modi has promised to unite the country after the massive election win, with his party on course to increase its majority on a mandate in India’s parliament.
“Together we grow. Together we prosper. Together we will build a strong and inclusive India. India wins yet again!” the Hindu nationalist leader posted on Twitter.
Official Election Commission data at 1030 GMT showed Modi’s Hindu-nationalist BJP ahead in 298 of the 542 seats available, up from the 282 it won in 2014.
सबका साथ + सबका विकास + सबका विश्वास = विजयी भारत
Together we grow.
Together we prosper.
Together we will build a strong and inclusive India.
India wins yet again! #VijayiBharat
— Chowkidar Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) May 23, 2019
Modi congratulates state assembly election winners
Modi has congratulated the heads of two regional parties who won the assembly elections in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh states.
“Dear @ysjagan, congratulations on the remarkable win in Andhra Pradesh. Best wishes to you for a successful tenure,” he posted, addressing YS Jaganmohan Reddy, chief of YSR Congress Party, which swept the southern state.
“Congratulations to Naveen Babu for yet another victory in Odisha. Wishing him the very best for the next term,” the BJP leader said in another tweet for Naveen Patnaik, the Odisha chief minister who won a fifth term.
Verdict against propaganda, lies: BJP president
BJP president Amit Shah has tweeted that the election results, which are yet to be finalised, were a victory “for all of India”.
“This result is India’s verdict against the propaganda, lies, personal attacks and baseless politics of the opposition,” he added.
“Today’s mandate also shows that people of India have entirely uprooted casteism, nepotism and appeasement to choose nationalism and development.”
World leaders congratulate Modi on massive win
A number of world leaders have congratulated Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi for his historic return to power for a second straight term.
Among the leaders who have sent their congratulatory messages are Afghanistan president Ashraf Gani, Russia’s Vladimir Putin, Israel’s Benjamin Netanyahu, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe, Chinese president Xi Jinping and Nepal’s PM K P Sharma.
— ANI (@ANI) May 23, 2019
Kanhaiya Kumar loses in Begusarai: Report
Former student leader Kanhaiya Kumar has lost in the eastern state of Bihar’s Begusarai constituency, one of the most followed electoral contests in the Indian election.
India’s newspaper The Indian Express said Kumar, 31, lost to hardline BJP leader Giriraj Singh by a massive margin of nearly three lakh votes.
Kumar was fielded in Begusarai by the Communist Party of India.
‘We thought it was time for Modi to go’
In New Delhi, Fatima A of the Rahul Priyanka Gandhi Sena, a group headed by the opposition Congress party, told Al Jazeera that the general election results are “totally unexpected”.
“We thought this was the time for Modi to go,” she said.
‘No opposition to Modi for next five years’
Academic Manindra Nath Thakur, who teaches at New Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru University, said Modi will face virtually no opposition in his second straight term as prime minister.
“The Congress has not done well and therefore there will be virtually no opposition to BJP for the next five years,” he told Al Jazeera.
Congratulations, my friend @Narendramodi, on your impressive election victory! The election results further reaffirm your leadership of the world’s largest democracy. Together we will continue to strengthen the great friendship between India & Israel.
Well done, my friend! 🇮🇱🤝🇮🇳 https://t.co/2U5yJmHddS
— PM of Israel (@IsraeliPM) May 23, 2019
When asked what the BJP win means for India, he said, “It means three things: the discourse of forming a Hindu state will remain very dominant, the country will move towards more rigorous capitalism, and some new kind of welfare mechanism will be rolled out to keep the masses in favour of the party.”
If India was a Muslim country, the Western media would be rivetted by the spectacle, besides themselves with denunciatory hysteria. Which is, in fact, the right response. But since it’s nice spiritual peaceful Hindus with lots of market and trade lolly, hey ho.
— Priyamvada Gopal (@PriyamvadaGopal) May 23, 2019
‘BJP’s anti-Muslim campaign has succeeded’
As results suggesting a massive BJP win began to emerge, India’s Muslims said they were worried about the future of secularism in the country.
“This election shows that the BJP’s anti Muslim campaign has succeeded,” shopkeeper Faizan Zafar, 25, told Al Jazeera in New Delhi. “This time it looks like Muslims will be finished and they will declare a ‘Hindu Rashtra’ (theocratic Hindu state).”
‘BJP makes inroads in two eastern states’
Reporting from New Delhi, Al Jazeera’s Sohail Rahman has said the BJP is leading in 292 seats, a tally better than its performance in 2014.
“The BJP is leading in 292 constituencies. If they win all of these seats, they are in majority on their own,” he said.
“The BJP has retained its voter base except a few seats in Uttar Pradesh state. But they have made inroads in two very important states: Odisha and West Bengal.”
Andhra Pradesh CM to resign: Indian news agency
The votes are also being counted in four state assembly elections. Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu is likely to resign later on Thursday, Indian news agency ANI said.
In the eastern state of Odisha, the latest trends show the ruling Biju Janata Dal (BJD) leading in 94 seats, the BJP in 28, and the Congress in 12 constituencies.
Modi to meet BJP leaders as party sweeps polls
The BJP’s parliamentary board meeting is scheduled to be held around 1200 GMT on Thursday. PM Modi will meet his party’s workers at their office in capital New Delhi, Indian news agency ANI said.
The mood was upbeat at the BJP headquarters with party workers cheering as TV channels reported a growing lead.
“It’s a huge mandate for positive politics and the policies of Narendra Modi,” said GVL Narasimha Rao, a BJP spokesperson. “It’s a huge win for India, we are humbled by the magnificence of this victory.”
Andhra Pradesh assembly election trends: YSRCP leading on 149 seats, TDP leading on 25 seats and Janasena Party leading on 1 seat pic.twitter.com/zHvRu39Kbl
— ANI (@ANI) May 23, 2019
‘We have lost the battle’
Amarinder Singh, chief minister of the northern state of Punjab and a senior Congress leader, has conceded defeat in the general elections.
“We have lost the battle,” Singh told the India Today TV news channel. The Congress is yet to officially release its statement on the defeat.
India’s foreign minister congratulates Modi
Modi’s party has won the general election, a senior BJP leader has said as early results suggest a sweep by the right-wing party.
Gujarat: Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s mother Heeraben Modi greets the media outside her residence in Gandhinagar. pic.twitter.com/yR2Zi9eeL1
— ANI (@ANI) May 23, 2019
“Many congratulations to Prime Minister Narendra Modi for delivering such a massive victory for the Bharatiya Janata Party,” Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj posted on Twitter.
“I express my gratitude to the people of the country.”
Indian stocks hit record highs as Modi leads
Indian shares surge to record highs as early trends showed the BJP-led NDA coalition was way ahead of its main opposition UPA led by the Congress.
Investor sentiment has been buoyant since exit polls were announced on Sunday, with both the National Stock Exchange index and the Bombay Stock Eschange index gaining 3.7 percent each the next session, a level last seen in 2014.
Sensex currently at 40,015.49 https://t.co/hnY9iW4Mz0
— ANI (@ANI) May 23, 2019
Modi wins second term, says Indian TV channel
India’s NDTV news channel has said Modi’s BJP has crossed the halfway mark of 272 seats in the lower house of India’s parliament “on its own steam” within two hours of the counting.
The BJP has performed well in the Hindi-speaking states in the north – Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, the network said.
The state governments in all the three states are headed by the opposition Congress.
Modi expected to hold power for a second term
Early trends show Modi and his Hindu nationalist BJP may retain power for a second straight term.
The trends at 10.30 am (0500 GMT) showed the BJP leading in 326 of the 542 seats, followed by the Congress at 106, according to the Indian media.
A party or coalition needs 272 votes for a simple majority in Lok Sabha, Indian parliament’s lower house.
Postal ballots first to be counted
The “postal ballots” are counted first, followed by votes from the Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs), Al Jazeera’s Sohail Rahman reported from capital New Delhi.
Postal ballots are cast by security personnel serving in the armed and paramilitary forces, and diplomats serving outside India.
Counting of 600 million votes begins
India is counting about 600 million votes in its general election with a coalition led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s party predicted to win a clear majority.
The vote count started at 0800 local time (0230 GMT), and results are likely to be clear later in the day. If there is a clear trend, this should be evident by around midday (0630 GMT).
Exit polls pointed to a victory for Modi but such projections have been wrong in the past.
— ANI (@ANI) May 23, 2019